Skilled immigrants are selected as permanent residents based on their ability to settle in Canada and their ability to contribute to the Canadian economy. Express Entry is a system used to manage how people with skilled work experience apply to immigrate to Canada. In 2017, Canada admitted 65,417 new permanent residents in the Economic Class through the Express Entry application management system.
Express Entry is used to manage applications for permanent residence for the following programs:
Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSW) is for skilled workers with foreign work experience who want to immigrate to Canada permanently.
- Work Experience: at least one year of continuous work experience within the last 10 years (in a NOC 0, A or B job), in Canada or in another country.
- Language Skills: CLB & in all 4 abilities
- Education: Canadian secondary or post-secondary certificate, diploma or degree, or the foreign equivalent
- a score of 67 or higher on the FSW points grid, which assess six election factors: language skills, education, work experience, age, arraigned employment, adaptability
Federal Skilled Trades Program (FST) is for skilled workers who want to become permanent residents based on being qualified in a skilled trade.
- Work Experience: at least 24 months of work experience in an eligible skilled trade within the last 5 years
- Language Skills: CLB 5 in speaking and listening; CLB 4 in reading and writing
- meet job requirements of the skilled trade as set by the NOC
- have a valid job offer in the skilled trade for at least 1 year, or a Canadian certificate of qualification in the skilled trades
Canadian Experience Class (CEC) is for skilled workers who have Canadian work experience and want to become permanent residents.
- Work Experience: at least 12 months of skilled Canadian work experience (in NOC 0, A or B job) within the last 3 years
- Language Skills: CLB 7 in all 4 abilities for NOC 0 and A jobs; CLB 5 in all 4 abilities for NOC B job
Candidates must first create and complete an Express Entry profile, when creating a profile candidates must provide information regarding their education, work experience, language ability, and other details. If eligible, candidates will be placed into a pool. Candidates in the pool are ranked using a points-based system called the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS).
If you do not already have a valid job offer, you should register with the Job Bank after creating an Express Entry profile. The Job Bank will connect you with job opportunities in Canada based on your skills, knowledge, and experience.
Invitations to Apply (ITAs) are issued to the highest scoring candidates in the pool in each round. Candidates could be among the top scoring if they:
- have a high level of skills, education, language and work experience;
- are nominated by a province or territory under an Express Entry stream;
- have a valid job offer; or
- have studied in Canada
After receiving an invitation to apply, candidates have 60 days to complete and submit an application for permanent residence. IRCC will then evaluate your application for completeness and verify eligibility.
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